Handicrafts – FHC Iran

Art could only be found among Iranians

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persian handicrafts uk

persian handicrafts uk carpet

In the first years, silk carpet in persian handicrafts uk were made from special wools that were not of high quality, but with the passage of time, especially with the growth of this type of carpets, we saw designs of all hand-woven silk in this city, using silk entirely for weaving. This type of carpets caused special and elegant designs to be created. Nowadays, the exquisite carpets of Qom have gained world fame, especially in the German carpet exhibition, their bold presence can be seen seriously Wholesale of Iranian handicrafts

persian handicrafts uk

One of the most important features of Qom pictorial carpet is the existence of infinite order in their warp. In other carpets produced in different regions, there are special irregularities on the back of the carpets, although this type of irregularity can be overlooked, but the Qom carpet is even free of these types of irregularities, and this factor is one of the main reasons for the great popularity and reputation of the persian handicrafts uk carpet

This type of carpet is designed in such a way that at first glance you may imagine that it is woven by machine and doubt whether it is woven by hand. People who are active in this field have special designs and models for weaving Qom carpets. They can easily recognize its type at first glance by considering the plan and map used Wholesale sale of Iranian backgammon

The knots of Qom carpets are very thin, that’s why patience and high precision are needed to weave this type of carpets. The presence of high density in the knots is also one of the other points that caused the texture of this type of carpets compared to other carpets. Its types are more difficult

persian handicrafts uk

persian handicrafts uk

This handmade carpet, which is kept in the Poldi Pezzoli Museum in Milan, Italy, is considered one of the most magnificent hunting ground carpets in the world

The symbolism of the motifs used in the carpet text and the signed and dated inscription in its center, as well as its extraordinary history

This has made this handwoven carpet one of the most important museum carpets of the 16th century

The large dimensions of this unique carpet of the golden age of Iranian art with scenes depicting the hunting of that era

They strengthen the possibility that it was woven on the order of the court or as a gift to the king fhciran shop carpets

This carpet has adorned the Italian royal residences in Rome, Florence and persian handicrafts ukfor more than two centuries

iranian arts and crafts

The art of coppersmithing persian handicrafts uk

The art of persian Handicrafts uk is one of the most popular and beautiful arts among Iranians. This art, which is not very old and has spread today, is a combination of two arts called copper crafts and enamel crafts . Copper and Persian dishes, due to their remarkable beauty; Today, they have been able to find a high position among people and apart from being a new and new art, they have also become the most popular art. Our discussion in this article is to get to know about copper vessels and how to make them

Handicrafts

What is a stylist in enameling persian handicrafts uk

As mentioned in the content; Style persian handicrafts uk is one of the enameling styles that is done on copper. In this style, the artist draws pictures such as faces, flowers, and birds on copper, and finally fills the surrounding of the painting using other enameling styles, and after that, the copper dishes are prepared
But the copper vessels, due to their beauty; They are often used as decorative dishes, ceremonies and luxurious parties
However, the copper vessels are valuable and beautiful when the paintings and designs on them are done in a similar way, and the copper vessel on which the painting is done is smooth and polished, that is, its surface does not have dents and dents

persian handicrafts uk

Familiarity with enamel materials

Artists need tools and supplies to be able to create this beautiful art. In the following, we discuss some of the tools that are needed to create enamel
The first tool to start enameling is to have a clay, copper or silver and brass container. on which drawing and painting are done. Among other practical tools, we can mention enamel glue. Of course, if you didn’t intend to buy enamel glue, you can easily prepare this glue at home using seeds and persian handicrafts uk. Other tools are
Enamel patterns that are made of fiberglass
Design stick and needle
Enamel glue and glycerin
Spatula and pliers
Special pens and finally a chainsaw

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Enameling steps persian handicrafts uk

In the first step, to get the enamel you want, you need to do the underlayment. For underlaying, it is necessary to polish the container you want with the right tool and then; Create your desired design on the dish by carving and painting. After these steps, you can glaze the dish and put it in the fire
In the next step, you have to combine the gum, glycerin and the colors you want, so that you can do the canvas on your container. After canvasing and uniformly coloring the dishes, it’s time for the design stage. At this stage, you design the canvas container with a pencil, then color the designs using special pens. After the dyeing stage, you can use the mentioned needle to draw a line around the colors so that the colors do not mix with each other when placed in the oven. Finally, after doing all these steps, you should put the enameled container in the oven. To place these dishes in the oven, you need to pay attention to some things, otherwise the final result may not be achieved. You need to put the pan on a stand and then put it in the oven. Also, the temperature of your oven should be between 500 and 900, otherwise there is a possibility that the dish will melt or the result will not be good

persian handicrafts uk

Masters of calligraphy in persian handicrafts uk

Iranian handcraft

History of penmanship

The history of this art goes back to the time of the Scythians, who were of Aryan race. In the following, we examine penmanship in different periods

persian handicrafts uk

Prehistoric period

The history of this art in Iran does not have a clear and specific date, and we do not have accurate and specific information about the documentary work that indicates the first place or the first object on which penciling, hammering or engraving was done. But the use of metal, especially copper, in Iran and the East dates back to several thousand years BC. At the end of the second millennium and the beginning of the first millennium BC, the art and craft of metalworking was prevalent in different parts of Iran, including persian handicrafts uk in the north and northwest and the southern edge of the Mazandaran Sea. One of the important works obtained in this period is the Hasanlu Gold Cup, which was discovered in 1336 and has prominent motifs such as gods riding on carts or chariots. In the first millennium BC, metalworking and pen-making in Iran enjoyed a special prosperity and prestige, and valuable works from that era remain, among them are persian handicrafts uk gold cups

vitreous enamel

The time of females

Few calligraphy works from the period of the Medes, which were written in the 7th century BC. They came into use in the north of Iran and have survived. The objects obtained from Azerbaijan show that the influence of the Scythians decreased over time and the style of the Medes replaced it in this period

vitreous enamel

Achaemenid period

With the rise of the Persians and the formation of the Achaemenid government (550-330 BC), the art of penmanship changed and gained a special status and influenced the times after it. The Achaemenid period is the peak of metalworking art in the fields of casting, hammering, inlaying, etc. Due to Alexander’s attack and the burning of Persepolis, many works were destroyed or were melted down and turned into coins by the order of Alexander. Among the examples of the discovered objects from the Achaemenid period, we can mention 2 cement tablets weighing 4 kg and gold tablets weighing 5 kg, which are located in the National Museum of Iran

persian handicrafts uk

Seleucid times

During the Seleucid era, with the construction of new cities such as Merv and Nessa and the transfer of art workshops to these cities, the art of calligraphy continued with the influence of Hellenic art (Greek art)

Iranian handcraft

Parthian time

With the power of the Parthians in 250 AD. Until 224 AD, the art of penmanship was in vogue with the same Achaemenid method with a slight change. The making of gold, silver, and bronze statues by casting method enjoyed a special prosperity during the Parthian period, and the ornaments studded with precious stones continued with the same Achaemenid method. At this time, due to Alexander’s attack, no important works of art were left, and due to the chaos and lack of attention paid to art by the early Parthians, it was only at the end of this period that calligraphy became popular

persian handicrafts uk

Sassanid era

During the Sassanid period from 224 to 650 AD, due to the prosperity of trade between Iran, Greece and Rome, backgammon arts were somewhat influenced by Greek and Roman art. During the Sassanid era, objects were made in 3 ways: Turning with a wheel by hammering on a cold sheet. By casting and making lined containers from sheets

persian handicrafts uk

Islamic time

In the early Islamic centuries, the Arabs imitated the art of calligraphy of the Sassanid period, and in the following centuries, due to the interest of Iranian artists in the religion of Islam and their desire for Islam, influenced by the beliefs of Islam, they tried to create metal works and gradually Native designs and Iranian myths gave way to Kufi lines and verses and hadiths. During the Samanid period, the art of calligraphy was transferred to other Islamic lands as a result of trade. The painted objects of the persian handicrafts uk period in the museums of Iran are among the famous works of that time. From the early centuries until the third and fourth lunar centuries, metal objects were made in Iran in the style of the Sassanid era. The Khorasan school of penmanship was established in the 4th century AD and reached its peak during the Seljuk period

Iranian handcraft

Seljuk era

At the beginning of the 5th lunar century (429), the Seljuks came from Turkestan to persian handicrafts uk and settled. Then they captured Khorasan. With the interest that the Seljuk rulers had for art, the art of penmanship was supported and expanded significantly like other artistic disciplines. The creation of braided motifs, including strips, became popular in the decoration of dishes in a very beautiful way and style. At this time, inlaying metals in the form of gold, copper and silver wires or inlaying bronze dishes with copper wire became common. One of the most stylish works at this time is mesh work on metal. The art of Khorasan penmanship, which was popular in the 5th and 6th lunar centuries, at the same time as the Seljuk rule in the east, especially Khorasan and Fararod, after the Mongol attack due to the destruction of many art centers in this region and the migration of artists to the west and Middle persian handicrafts uk. It continued in those areas. The metalworking art of Khorasan started from the east and grew and expanded in the west

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