Handicrafts – FHC Iran

Art could only be found among Iranians

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original persian carpet

original persian carpet

The more colors used in the original persian carpet, the more expensive the carpet will be. In some beautiful Carpet woven by skilled carpet weavers and carpet weavers and kept in museums, nearly 250 colors can be seen in the carpet. Making a carpet with such a complex color combination requires years of experience and knowledge. Different colors have different meanings and weavers choose colors consciously based on the message they want to convey with their designs. In the following, we are going to examine the role of traditional and authentic colors in the carpet, as well as the meaning and message of each color

original persian carpet

original persian carpet Red color

Red is the color of fire. Energetic colors that bring joy, passion, courage, strength, confidence, passion and dynamism. Weavers freely use red carpet colors to emphasize certain patterns or patterns. This color is popular and is used in many different models of machine-made and hand-made original persian carpet

original persian carpet

original persian carpet Black color

Black is the color of power and usually leads to ruin and destruction. Carpet weavers rarely use this color to create rug outlines or backgrounds. Black color is used in the role of traditional and original colors in silk carpet for demarcation of color and design

original persian carpet

original persian carpet Golden color

Golden color represents power and wealth. This fiber color is rarely used in Iranian carpets and is usually used for carpets woven for royal families and rulers

original persian carpet green color

For Iranians, especially Muslims, green is considered a sacred color due to its association with the Prophet (PBUH). The weavers used green in small amounts, for the part of the carpet that is rarely walked on

original persian carpet

original persian carpet Orange

Orange has the same effect as red, but less intensity. Orange creates a lively, warm and pleasant atmosphere. Of course, different shades of orange have different meanings, orange color is rarely used in pictorial carpet weaving

original persian carpet blue color

The blue color of indigo is obtained from a plant of the same name that grows in western Anatolia and produces indigo. Indigo is a deeper blue color that symbolizes mystical wisdom, self-knowledge and spiritual knowledge. While blue is the color of connecting with others, indigo leads to inner thoughts, deep insight and intuition

original persian carpet

original persian carpet Purple

The combination of red and blue will result in purple, purple is a symbol of power, luxury and wealth. Light purple and lilac are associated with love and nostalgia, while dark purple will be associated with negative emotions such as sadness

original persian carpet white color

White is the color of purity and purity. This color evokes purity and innocence. White color is the best color and is very useful in woven carpets

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original persian carpet Neutral colors

Cream or beige and gray are neutral colors. Although this color also has meaning, it evokes strong feelings and emotions and is considered calm or dull. Cream and gray are common colors that work well in any room and complement various wall colors

What are the types of original persian carpet toothing methods

In general, it can be said that the interference of mineral substances to absorb color into the fibers is called teeth, the interference of mineral substances will result in an increase in color absorption and color stability. Now, we are going to check the methods of notching the original persian carpet

original persian carpet

mineral teeth

Copper, chromium, zinc, lead, iron, and aluminum are among the most well-known minerals, minerals that have their own color, such as copper and potassium, may slightly change the colors obtained in dyeing, but minerals such as zinc, tin, copper, and lead They are white and colorless and do not cause any color change

In general, there are 3 methods of notching the original persian carpet

If before dyeing the fibers are formed, more material will be fixed on the fibers and the quality of the color will be higher, as well as better color stability will be achieved

Tooth and color method at the same time

handmade carpetdyeing and toothing are done simultaneously in a bathroom and this method is used for bright colors. As a result, if the desired color is a dark color, it is better not to use this method

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Tooth method after color

Another type of original persian carpet toothing method is the toothing method after color, which is mostly used for bright and transparent colors. It is also used for fibers that are dyed with chemical dyes. Note that wool without teeth has little color absorption and the final color will not be bright and transparent

Copper teeth

original persian carpet sulfate mainly reacts with wool and reduces its mechanical resistance, after the wool is dented with copper sulfate, it changes color and becomes pale green. In general, it can be said that copper teeth will be used for green and gold colors

original persian carpet

iron teeth

Another tooth that is used in natural colors is iron sulfate or ferrous sulfate. Iron sulfate is pale green, which is also called green alum. This material not only increases the stability of the color, but also causes the wool to darken. In the past, this material was usually used in the toothing of wool and other fibers, but nowadays chrome teeth are mainly used for toothing

Chrome teeth

Chrome tooth is one of the most important chemical teeth, which consists of sodium bichromate and potassium bichromate, this substance exists in the form of small orange crystals and is also used in vegetable dyeing. This substance may be associated with skin allergies for some people, so it is recommended to take serious care when using it

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The method of tooth action in fibers

The original persian carpet and materials that are selected for dyeing have an outer shell or scales that play an important role in absorbing dyes and dyes. As a result, the dyeing process may cause the scales to be damaged or completely disappear. Losing the scales directly affects the color absorption and accelerates the color absorption. An important issue in this process is that as the dye absorption increases, the concentration and degree of color may increase and the fibers become more colorful

The effect of this reaction is the color fastness, although the loss of scales makes the fibers full of color, but their color fastness is reduced and the resistance of the colored fibers to light or washing is reduced, so use a tooth to avoid this problem. This process It increases the stability and longevity of the color and increases its resistance to washing and light. In the following, we will talk about the method of toothing in fibers

original persian carpet

The role of teeth in the dyeing process

If we want to explain how teeth Handicrafts in fibers, we must say that teeth have a stabilizing role in the dyeing process. The dye has a greater tendency to melt and sink into the fibers than the teeth, dyeing occurs when the yarn is mixed with the dye and the fibers. In dyeing, this process involves adding different materials to stabilize the color of the fibers, and the selected yarn must be able to dye and mix them. The grains, by sticking to the fibers, create holes and cavities on their surface, and cause the dyes to penetrate into the fibers and original persian carpet of pigments into the fibers increases the stability, transparency and beauty of their color

There are different types of teeth and they are selected according to the type of fibers that are intended to be dyed. Sulfuric acid and citric acid are the materials used for dyeing teeth, and vinegar, buttermilk, watercress, and claret are traditional teeth that do not Using them degrades the dyeing and causes the fibers to change color in front of the light and become pale with washing

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Tooth method

Their way of working is that by creating pores on the surface of the fibers, they allow more color to penetrate the fibers, and in general, we should use them to absorb more colors and stabilize them in the teeth. Even natural colors are not absorbed by fibers without using teeth, and dyeing fibers with these colors is not stable enough without using teeth. In original persian carpet, we can say that teeth ensure more and better absorption of color, in other words, teeth are mediators that change the environment. They prepare the fibers for dyeing and increase the stability and transparency of the color, and almost all dyes, except for plants that consist of tannins, need teeth

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