Handicrafts – FHC Iran

Art could only be found among Iranians

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Iranian handicrafts online store

Iranian handicrafts online store

According to historical evidence and documents, during the Achaemenid Iranian handicrafts online store, gardens and plains were green and many species of animals lived in them. At that time, the Achaemenians believed that these gardens and meadows were sacred and they respected them a lot. The Achaemenians made the pastures, which had many events and many hunts, their hunting ground and earned their livelihood from it. Maybe it is because it is considered sacred. The interest of the Achaemenid kings and nobles to hunt in the pastures and the type of beliefs of the people at any time caused this tradition to open a place for itself among the silk carpet motifs and to remain standing for many years and now reach us Wholesale of Iranian handicrafts

Iranian handicrafts online store

Types of texture

Among the Iranian carpets with the design and Iranian handicrafts online store of hunting , which are combined with other traditional patterns, can be expressed as follows

In the old and original maps with this design, you can refer to the Safavid hunting ground . In Safavid hunting grounds, the hunting scene is such that the king’s presence during the hunt is clearly marked. In this way, the king has a crown and other royal ornaments that were common in the old days of kings. It is also possible to mention the presence of hunters, servants, women, cooks and everything that was present in a royal hunting ground

Iranian handicrafts online store

dyeing

All the colors used in Iranian hand-woven pictorial carpet are extracted from natural sources. The nomadic tribes who were the main weavers used all kinds of native plants and insects to obtain the colors with which they dyed the wool Wholesale sale of Iranian backgammon

Iranian handicrafts online store

Different shades of green color are obtained by chopping and boiling different types of leaves. Red is extracted from the roots of ranas plants or sometimes from the crushed bodies of some insects in the region

Brown comes from the bark of the oak tree and the fruit of the walnut tree, both of which are abundant in the region. Yellow is prepared from chamomile flowers, pomegranate peel, Saffron or hair tree leaves

Blue is obtained from the oak plant and walnut fruit, the main product of which is indigo, one of the most important blue colors

Some sources of carpet dyes are easy to find and easier to extract, so they are freely used in carpet weaving

However, some color sources are not so common and the rarity of these sources means that they are more valuable and are used in very small quantities

handicrafts iran

 Familiarity with copper and Khatam or Iranian handicrafts online store on copper

Among the handicrafts of Isfahan, inlaying is very Iranian handmade carpet online store, and as a mother art, other artistic disciplines have also emerged from it. Copper and Khatam handicrafts are one of the beautiful handicrafts that have been invented in the past years and have found a special place in the handicrafts market of Isfahan. In this article, we will examine copper inlay work and its related issues fhciran shop carpets

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The history of inlay art and the emergence of copper and inlay vessels

Khatamkari is one of the most ancient arts that originated in Iranian handicrafts online store. Throughout history, this valuable art has sometimes been neglected and sometimes received much attention. In the Qajar era, the art of inlaying became very weak and degraded due to the problems in the country and the ruling style of the Qajar kings. During the Qajar era, people practiced this art for their personal interest, and only nobles and elders prepared inlaid pottery for their homes

Iranian handicrafts online store

During the Pahlavi era, when the Ministry of Culture and Art was established, Iranian handicrafts online store masters and artists of this field were invited to perform art and a new spirit was breathed into the existence of this precious art. In this period, inlaying flourished a lot, but most of the uses of inlaying vessels were for decorating halls and palaces

Iranian handicrafts online store

In the past years, inlaying on copper became very popular and the art of inlaying was removed from the monopoly of wooden objects and was implemented on copper dishes as Iranian handicrafts online store. The invention of copper and inlaid art made the obtained copper and inlaid dishes available in the market at lower prices and art lovers could buy these beautiful handicrafts and take them home. In this way, the art of inlay work was removed from aristocracy and handicraft lovers can easily buy it

Iranian handicrafts online store

Iranian handicrafts online store Steps of designing enameled dishes on copper

Azure blue color is mixed with an equal amount of glue and the center of the dish is painted with a brush
The extra paint is cleaned with another brush

They open the filling hole to the size of 2.5 cm. (Of course, this size may change for containers with different sizes). Using a ruler, they find the center of the plate and then divide the circle

Using a delicate pen, they draw the desired role. The selected roles are traditional and depend on the artist’s taste. And more slim designs are used

vitreous enamel

The white lines between the designs are filled with turquoise blue. (Note that the colors are opposite: turquoise blue on azure blue or vice versa)
With a special drawing pen, which is very delicate, the borders of the drawn designs are drawn.11. Thin lines are for defining and separating the design from the background. Therefore, the lines on the border of the design are drawn in a color so that the color of the slime design is placed between the lines
With a special pen, they fill the design with flowers and leaves
Using a clean brush, they remove the extra colors from the border of the design and draw the main lines of each border with a special pen to define the background of the plate
With a finer pen, they empty around the design or, in other words, remove it. They play extra and minor roles

And they continue all this work again until the work is complete. At the end of the Iranian handicrafts online store, they take the dishes to the furnace and heat them at a certain temperature so that the color of the work becomes stable and bright

Iranian handicrafts online store

Iranian handicrafts online store Isfahan penmanship

Achaemenians: In this period, we witness the rise of the art of calligraphy and Iranian backgammon online store, and the branches of hammering and inlaying were also paid attention to by various kings, although many of them were destroyed after Alexander’s attack, but two tablets of cement and gold remained

Iranian handicrafts online store

Seleucids: During the Seleucid period, the cities of Mero and Nessa were formed, and due to the influence of the art of the Greeks, the art of penmanship was also influenced by it, and we can see the presence of Hellenic styles on the dishes in the works left from this period

Parthians: In the Parthian period, the art of penmanship continued with the same style and style of the Achaemenid period, with only a slight change, in such a way that penmanship on silver, gold, and bronze was also added

Iranian handicrafts online store

Sassanians: During the Sasanian period, we see the height of relations between the kings of Iranian handicrafts online storewith Greece and Rome, which is why all the carvings and arts mixed in metals are influenced by Greek and Roman styles. For example, the styles of cold plate hammering, production of lined dishes and turning with the help of wheels were also added

Islamic era: In this era, the same way as the Sassanids continued, until in the following eras, Iranian artists replaced the previous symbols with local myths and Islamic and religious motifs, which are still visible in the calligraphy of Isfahan

Iranian handicrafts online store: Fortunately, one of the arts that continued to prosper in this period was calligraphy, while motifs were used with the help of gold, copper and silver wires in decorations and engraved designs. In addition, meshwork on metal also emerged from the modern branches of calligraphy in Isfahan in this period

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Iranian handicrafts online store Writing steps

Before starting Iranian Handicrafts online store, inside or under an object is filled with melted bitumen. The bitumen must be completely “vacuum-free” inside the work and harden completely after cooling so that the pencil does not pierce the work surface. To start the first work, the desired design is prepared, then it is placed on the mandrel rice and the points of the design are drilled close to each other with the mandrel pen. To draw a map on the surface of the container, the work surface must be greased. The map is placed on it and drawn on the map with charcoal powder wrapped in a soft tissue. Charcoal powder passes through the holes on the map and sits on the metal surface, and in this way, the design is transferred to the work. After this stage, the artist begins to paint using felted or non-toothed pens. When the container or canvas is ready, the stage of practical implementation of the work and gluing the design on the work begins

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There are different ways to draw
the design. There are different ways to implement the drawing Iranian handicrafts online store

Direct execution of the design on the canvas

In this method, the master engraver engraves the design on the metal with a pencil or a sharp tool such as a pen and a straight mandrel pen

Iranian handicrafts online store

Use of copy paper

First, the surface of the canvas is cleaned and grease and dust are removed. Then they stick the copy paper on it with glue. Iranian handicrafts online store, the original design is placed on the copy paper, on the metal canvas and drawn with a pencil on the design lines so that the design is imprinted on the canvas

Pasting the original design on the metal canvas

This is how the original drawing paper is pasted on the object and then the lines of the design are drawn on the metal with a stylus pen. After determining the lines of the paper, the design is removed and the implemented design is recorded on the object with a pen and hammer. After transferring the design, the artist starts his work with a hammer and pen and brings the design to the field of emergence with the technique and styles of pen drawing

Iranian handicrafts online store

Rounding method

In this method, the pen maker places the prepared design on a brass metal piece and meshes it with a hammer and mandrel pen and pierces the lines of the design on the brass mandrel with the tip of the pen, so that when the design is polished, The lines of the design are easily marked on the work, and then he sticks this sanded paper on the canvas and draws on the sanded paper with charcoal powder that is in a piece of cloth, and then he pours charcoal powder on the canvas through the holes of the paper and then with a pencil. Determine the design lines and the work begins

Iranian handicrafts online store

The correct way to hold the hammer

After the master penman is ready to perform the Iranian handicrafts online store and prepares the penmanship board, he should hold the hammer in one hand and the pen in the other hand and start his work. The method of holding the pen is that the handle is held between the thumb and forefinger so that the hammer moves up and down like an axis and the pen does not fall or rotate between the two fingers. The artist holds the hammer in such a way that the end of the hammer handle is placed between the two little fingers and the palm muscle, so that he can make regular and uniform strokes of the pen on the object by lifting it up and down, and also control the back and forth movement of the hammer. Also, the elbow and forearm should be parallel to the surface of the object and the part under the hammer should be parallel to the surface of the stump so that when the hammer hits the pen, it will be easier to perform the work

Iranian handcraft
Holding the pen
The way of holding the pen is very important. The length of the pen is divided into 4 equal parts and the third part is taken between the two knuckles of the index and index fingers so that they can easily rotate and move the pen between the two fingers. And the long middle finger is placed in the second part to prevent the pen from falling. The little finger is also used as a support for the pen and to prevent it from slipping. An important point is that the forearm should have a 90 degree angle with the arm and the forearm with the pen, and the angle of the pen with respect to the work surface should be less than 90 degrees so that the movement of the pen is comfortable

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The bitumen step (separating the metal canvas from the bitumen)
to separate the bitumen from the metal canvases, the bitumen bed is cooled and Iranian handicrafts online store. But in circular and vase-shaped canvases, bitumen is heated and separated. This step is done in the following ways

heating method

In order to empty the bitumen from the circular vases or geometric volumes, they are heated. In this way, a container full of bitumen is placed upside down on a wooden or metal support and the container is heated until the bitumen melts. First, they heat the opening of the container, then the middle part, and then the bottom of the container. At the end, they drain the bitumen that has flowed

Iranian handicrafts online store

Bitumen breaking method

This method is used to separate bitumen from flat canvases. In this way, the bitumen containing the canvas is dipped in cold water and slowly with hammer blows, the bitumen is broken and separated from the container. After that, the metal is heated with a pick head so that the bitumen residues are completely burnt and separated from the canvas. Then they clean the metal volume with oil with a cloth or a wire brush. After cleaning the bitumen in order to remove oil grease from the surface of the metal canvas, it is washed with dishwashing liquid and water, dried and finally polished

Iranian handcraft
Iranian handicrafts online store

In this stage of the work, after separating the canvas from the bitumen, they wash it with sulfuric acid or sultanic acid diluted with Iranian handicrafts online store (2 parts water and 1 part acid). First, water and acid are poured into a plastic container and the metal canvas is placed in a container of diluted acid. Finally, the surface is polished with a wire brush and then the canvas is washed with water. Finally, it is dried and polished with sawdust. Polishing the canvas makes the surface shine. Safety note: At this stage, the acid must be diluted so that it does not cause corrosion of the object. Gloves and tools that do not hurt your hands should also be used

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