Handicrafts – FHC Iran

Art could only be found among Iranians

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vitreous enamel original Iranian

vitreous enamel original Iranian

The manual art of vitreous enamel original Iranian is done on various metals such as gold, copper, brass, and wax, and clay, glass, tile, and ceramic infrastructures are also suitable for this work. However, the main infrastructure is copper metal, and enameling on copper is considered the most common and best-selling type of enameling. But in order to know more about the types of enameling art, we have briefly mentioned each of them below Wholesale of Iranian handicrafts

Handicraft

Glazing on glass : This art was created by decorating and painting glass with enamel colors. The art of glass enameling is not only limited to glass containers such as vases, bowls and plates. In the past, all the mirrors of historical houses along with their doors and windows were decorated with this enameling method. In European countries, with the popularity and power of churches, enameling on glass was used to depict saints and religious events. After several periods of stagnation in the Qajar period, this art was able to gain a lot of prosperity Wholesale sale of Iranian backgammon

The art of gold enameling : This art is done on ornaments such as gold in the south of the country, in the city of Ahvaz, and has a history of thousands of years. The designs and motifs of this type of enameling are very special and all of them are rooted in the history, culture and customs of this region

Handicraft

The price of vitreous enamel original Iranian on copper

Enameling on copper has a very long history among the backgammon of Isfahan. Enamel products on copper are produced at the highest level of quality from pure copper sheets with a thickness of 8 mm, with original Iranian designs and patterns and under the full supervision of prominent professors such as Professor vitreous enamel original Iranian. Today, due to the increase in the production and variety of enameling products, the price of enameling on copper has become more diverse and people with any level of financial ability can use them to decorate different spaces. The price of enameling on copper is different if it is for the purpose of buying a promotional gift. These products have a completely different design and are produced with a cashmere frame or box and even in the form of special wooden statues. Therefore, the price of enameling on copper for organizations is different due to the special design, but it is still very affordable and with special discounts for bulk purchases fhciran shop carpets

Enamels

Necessary tools for vitreous enamel original Iranian

The tools that are used for Isfahan vitreous enamel original Iranian art are explained below in order

Brush: inlaid work  The brush is made of otter hair and cat back hair, between the two shoulders and on the tail, and the way of tying them together is done in different ways. After picking the hair and bundling them, with a small and special comb, they comb several times from the beginning to the end to remove the extra hairs and broken hair. Of course, you can put the grouped hair on the glass and remove the lint and broken hair with a needle, which is time-consuming
After this step, the hair is arranged in a mold so that it is aligned

After taking the hair out of the mold, they wet it and tie it with a thread. The tip of the regular hair bundle is passed through the end of the pigeon’s feather, which has already been trimmed, until it reaches the tip of the feather. In this case, the bundles of hair that are stuffed inside the crown are tied with a tight thread
Brushes that were made in the past were a bit longer and sharper for processing delicate paintings. But nowadays, most of the time, brushes are made from artificial hair, and in quality samples, they are made from otter and squirrel hair. Note that if the enameling work is very delicate, you should choose a sharper and less motor brush, but for works that are not very delicate, bristle brushes are also sufficient
The quality of making an enamel brush even depends on the color and type of cat’s hair. For Isfahan enamel handwork that needs processing, springy hair is better. Trained cats do not have good hair for making a brush because they are broken and sticky due to frequent petting. White cat hair is used for fine enameling

Enamels

Copy pencil:   for vitreous enamel original Iranian in Isfahan, they also do designs on enameled dishes. In this case, copy pencils are a better option than regular pencils. The color of the copy pencils fades after being heated in the oven, and even if a mark remains, it is very easy to erase them

vitreous enamel original Iranian price:   In enameling, the meaning of washing is to remove the fats that are placed on the surface of the work and must be removed so that they can be painted. Therefore, one of the most important steps before painting and designing on glazed dishes is washing. For this I need vitreous enamel original Iranian price. A damp cloth soaked in silkworm removes fat well, and enamel colors settle and stabilize with silkworm. However, if the adhesion of the glaze is high, the enamel colors will crack in the kiln and become cloudy afterwards

Bas:   Bas is a type of colorless and slightly cloudy solution that helps the adhesion and suspension of color particles in the color solution. When the copper enamelware is heated, the vitreous enamel original Iranian are destroyed, but the effect makes the movement of the pen on the work smoother and the colors dry more slowly, so there is enough time for correction. Due to the fact that the low amount of base has an effect on the quality of the color and the excess of gum affects its turbidity, special attention should be paid to this issue. Also, it is not bad to know that from the very beginning, enamel powder color is mixed with base and so called It is possible that the better this combination and rubbing is, the better the quality of the paint and its use will be. Also, when enamel colors lose their smoothness and quality, bas or glycerin is added to them

vitreous enamel

Other tools and materials that are needed for the art of enameling do not have specific descriptions, such as copper sheet, hammer, anvil, clamp, metal cutting saw, bow saw, special enameling paints, furnace, tweezers, matrix sander, sanding machine and metal cutting scissors

Specifications of raw materials used for enameling

The raw materials that are used for vitreous enamel original Iranian must have certain characteristics and features to be usable

Substructure : Pure metals or metal alloys are used for enameling substructure The substrate should not have impurities, otherwise it will show itself in the form of blisters on the dishes. On the other hand, the thickness of the infrastructure should be at least 0.8 mm to show good resistance against bending and tensile stresses and not to crack. In addition, the surface of the infrastructure must be completely smooth and uniform. It is usually enameled under construction of copper, silver, gold, brass and bronze
Copper infrastructure must have a high percentage of purity. Its thickness should be at least 0.8 mm
The gold base must be at least 0.8 mm thick and of suitable grade. Higher grade gold will be softer and not very suitable
The silver base should be at least 84 carat and the thickness should be at least 0.8 mm. Silver becomes softer in high grade
Similar to copper infrastructure, brass infrastructure should not be obtained by melting brass vessels and in its construction, an exact percentage of copper and zinc should be combined. There should be no impurities and the thickness should be at least 0.8 mm
Bronze infrastructure needs exactly the conditions of brass infrastructure, however, it is rarely used

Enamels

Glaze : The glaze used for enameling is mostly white, but sometimes colored glaze is also used. Glaze is usually a combination of silica, lead, tin and flint

Color : The colors used in enameling are a combination of various metal oxides with a certain percentage of salt. In the old days, they used vegetable and mineral colors, but over time and with the increasing demand for enamel, they use chemical colors, which are much faster to prepare. The higher the intensity of the color, the higher the amount of heat and the duration of the heat of the color
Another type of classification of enamel colors is based on the amount of light passing through them, which are divided into two categories, opaque and transparent. The colors used for enameling include azure blue, purple red or pink, green, yellow, purple red, turquoise, brown, black or black, gold

vitreous enamel

Enameling furnace and its tools : The furnace used for vitreous enamel original Iranian is arc-shaped, square or rectangular. The inner skeleton of the furnace is made of steel because it is resistant to high heat and heat does not destroy it. The framework of the furnace is also made in the form of a vacuum so that the heat can be spread evenly, otherwise, all the enameled dishes will not be heated equally
Usually enamel masters who constantly use the furnace change the steel inside it every 6 months. The better the steel quality and construction of the enamel furnace frame, the more durable it will be. At the same time, the surroundings of the oven are covered with mud so that the heat does not go outside

vitreous enamel

They install a special door with an opening for the oven so that the dishes can be removed at the right time. Due to the high heat, the oven door is moved with the gas of the tongs. Today, they don’t use wood or oil to heat the furnace, but they use gas or electricity
The installation location of the enamel furnace should be done in a space with sufficient ventilation and light. On the other hand, the interior should be designed in such a way that the Handicrafts containers are not in direct contact with the fire because it is different from the tile making furnace

vitreous enamel

Types of enamel glaze

The glaze for Isfahan vitreous enamel original Iranian includes a white solution that has a significant volume; The enameled container is dipped into the glaze, or the glaze is sprayed on the enameled container with a spray tool or gun

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In order for the glaze color to be fixed on the enamelware, it must be heated in the oven to a maximum of 900 degrees Celsius. Now the base of the dish is ready for painting and coloring. One of the stages of making enamel dishes is glazing on the copper base after it is fully prepared. The glaze is placed on the copper base so that after heating it is ready to create designs and paintings. There are two types of enamel glaze

vitreous enamel Iranian

Industrial metallic enamel glaze, which is divided into two types, opaque and transparent

Artistic enamel Turquoise Inlaying, this model is divided into two types, opaque and transparent

When the final dishes are more practical, they use metallic vitreous enamel original Iranian glaze. This glaze can be used on different infrastructures. The art enamel glaze is prepared depending on the type of infrastructure because it must be completely appropriate in terms of chemical compounds. For this reason, copper metal with the highest degree of compatibility is considered the most suitable infrastructure for artistic glazing. In order to create a good connection between the glaze and the body, the lining glaze is worked several times

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