Handicrafts – FHC Iran

Art could only be found among Iranians

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inlaid work price

inlaid work price

inlaid work price is one of Iran’s handicrafts and traditional arts that is used to decorate surfaces. There is no exact information about the age of inlaid work original price But valuable works of Iranian inlay work are kept in museums around the world. Most of us are familiar with Khatamkari panels more than other products Wholesale of Iranian handicrafts

 In this article, we first explain the general concepts such as the meaning of Khatam kari , the tools of Khatam kari and the steps of Khatamkari . Then to questions such as Khatam Kari based on what form is created? What is Khatam Kari in English? And which province is backgammon a handicraft? We answer

 After that about the focus of this original art ie We will provide explanations on Shiraz inlay and Isfahan inlay as well as inlay networks and patterns and buying high- quality inlay. At the end, we introduce some valuable works of inlaying in different historical periods

inlaid work price

The meaning of inlaid work price

The name of this original art is considered to be the utmost elegance and beauty of this art. In the sense that this art shows the peak of elegance in traditional design, so it is the last border of decorative arts. Of course, the literal meaning of Khatam is equivalent to a ring. In the past, someone whose profession was carving patterns like flowers on ivory and bone was called “inlaid work price”. Considering this point, the reason for using the word Khatam is that in the past, this art was done in small dimensions and the oldest works of Khatam-Kari were also executed as a single flower on the work. That is why this original art has been likened to a jeweled ring. Of course, some experts associate the modification of “finishing” with tying pieces of wood and cutting and gluing them in this art Wholesale sale of Iranian backgammon

inlaid work price

What is inlaid work price

In the dictionary, inlaying is defined as “the art of decorating objects in a way similar to mosaic work with small triangular pieces”. In other words, the surface of the seal is created based on the shape of the triangle. The smaller these triangles are and the more delicately and carefully they are glued together, the better the final product is. In Khatamkari, the smallest surface unit consists of at least three triangles and the largest surface unit consists of four hundred triangles. In general, it can be said that the art of inlaying consists of inlaying and inlaying. In this sense, the Khatamsaz is the one who produces “Qamah” by cutting, polishing and filing the raw materials and then gluing them. The adhesive seal sticks the cuts obtained from the Qamah on the work according to the desired design. In fact, Khatamkari is a combination of different arts, including woodworking, engraving, mosaic, miniature, etc

inlaid work price

Khatam Kari date

There is no exact information about the time and place of the origin of this art. Early works of inlaying have been seen in Iran in the centuries after Islam. At that time, this art was created by putting white and black wooden cubes together. This style apparently came to Iran from China. One of the oldest works of inlay work in this style is executed in a part of the ceiling of the Jame Atiq mosque in Shiraz. After that, in the Fatimid period, the use of shells and ivory to decorate wood became popular fhciran shop carpets

The current composition and the new method of inlay art became common in Iran during the Ilkhanid period. In this way, Iranian artists used three-, eight-, ten- and twelve-sided colored wood as well as metal wires. This art developed significantly during the Timurid era and the Delgosha Palace in Samarkand was decorated with this art. But the peak of flourishing of inlay art was during the Safavid era. During this period, the entire goldsmiths’ market of Isfahan had turned into a place of work for goldsmiths

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Also, during the Safavid era, various inlay products were produced, including doors and windows, Quran holders, mirror frames, rugs, cradles, tables, revolving mirrors, boxes, boxes, pens, and pencil cases. And in the Zandiyeh period, using inlaid work original price to decorate the wooden parts of tombs and tombs became common. During the Qajar period, this art was still popular and during the Pahlavi period, its teaching began in the Mustarafa Industrial School (Hanrestan). After the Islamic revolution, the teaching of this art continued in the country’s higher education

Inlay raw materials

In the past, beech, ebony and betel wood were easily found. But currently, it is not possible to access a wide range of wood with different colors. For this reason, Khatam makers boil orange or maple wooden prisms together with paint to get their desired color combination

Copper, brass, gold, silver and aluminum metal wire

Currently, the use of brass wire is more popular than other metals. Khatam makers use a rolling machine to shape metal wire

inlaid work price

bony plates (la)

These parts are produced from the leg and leg bones of camels, cows, horses, ivory, oysters and industrial pseudo-bones

Types of glue such as cold and hot glue

In the past, warm or animal fat was used to glue wood pieces. Animal fat is a cartilaginous slimy substance that becomes sticky when heated. Today, cold glue or polyvinyl acetate is used. Cold glue is very easy to use and very durable

Types of polishes

The surface of the inlay is oiled both to make it shiny and to protect it from environmental factors. After this step, the surface of the seal will not be damaged by moisture, cold and heat. In the past, polished oil or sandalwood (pine tree sap) was used for this purpose. Later, Hilux oil replaced the previous material. Today, the surfaces of the seal are covered with a layer of sealer, killer or polyester

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Inlay tool

Types of saws

File and grater

Pres

inlaid work cutting machine

Wire rolling machine (this machine turns metal wires into prisms of Al-Qaeda triangle)

General tools such as hammers and hammers

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The stages of making a seal

First, wood, metal, and bone are cut into the prisms of the al-Qaeda triangle. Usually, the sides of the triangle are 1-1.5 mm and the height of the prism is 30 cm

Three wooden prisms are glued around a metal prism and create a larger prism called a “vane”. In addition to gluing, this prism is tied all around with thread to secure it well

In the next step, regular geometric patterns such as hexagons and stars are created by gluing the blades. These regular geometric shapes are called “toglu”. In the same way, 66 triangles are required to make the simplest inlay flower

Then it is the turn of the flower-making stage. At this stage, the parts are put together in a way to finally create a flower. After the formation of the seal flower, the work is divided into pieces with a height of 10 cm

inlaid work price

At this stage, they are prepared for the cutting stage by pressing the pieces

Qameh is cut into 2 mm thick pieces

The slices are glued on a thin sheet and placed under the press

In the next step, these parts are glued on the desired wood according to the predetermined design

The last step is polishing and using polishing oils

inlaid work price Inlay networks

Square grid

In the square grid, the pattern of Khatam is created by placing square pieces together. This type of network is used to create patterns such as waves and tubercles that are used in the margins

Diagonal square grid

If the small squares are placed at an angle of 45 degrees to the sides of the large square, a diagonal square grid is created. Roles such as Shamse, Pili, Khesht, Zelfak, Chesh Balbuli and Adkhal are created with this network

Rhombus grid

Actually, the rhombus network consists of small rhombuses

Triangle inlaid work price

Each rhombus grid can be converted into two triangle grids. Triangle grids are used to create Ababil, Janagi, Honeycomb, Shamseh and Shamseh Loz patterns

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circle inlaid work price

The circle grid can replace the above grids because it is the most complete geometric shape. The best network for drawing special knots such as 8 and 4 lange knots, Shamseh and 4 lange knots, 8 Zamzam knots, Sarmedan and Chelipa knots is the circle network

inlaid work price motifs

Border patterns

Patterns such as half-tone, kepei, josimi, shamsehdar, leafy, bone tuglu, rhombus, and joi are the most important motifs that are used on the edges of inlay works

The main motifs

Motifs such as inlaid work original price Hasht, Chahar Taranj, Tuglu Sabz, Takhi, Perehvaroi with Sun, Alam Zar, Baghel with six wires and Abri Dori are the most important characters that are created in the text of Handicrafts work

Buy quality inlay

When buying inlaid work original price , you should pay attention so that the patterns are regular, small and symmetrical. The entire surface of the seal is covered with varnish and there is no sign of repair or putty on it. Basically, the surface and color of the primary inlay materials should be uniform and without damage. The joints of the knots must also be completely smooth and undamaged. Any empty space in Khatam products is a sign of its poor quality. Symmetry is another principle that is carefully observed in quality inlay products. The use of special raw materials such as ivory instead of bone and gold and silver instead of brass also adds to the value of Khatam work

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What is inlaid work price in English

Unfortunately, in most cases, the necessary care has not been taken to translate Khatamkari into English. The word inlay, which is used as a translation of inlay, is also used in the meaning of wood inlay. while al-Maraq is a general word for putting together different parts. But inlaying is done using triangular prisms and is fundamentally different from inlaying

inlaid work price of Isfahan

Isfahan is the most important inlaying center in Iran. This city became the center of this art during the heyday of inlaying in Iran, i.e. the Safavid era. Currently, most of the inlay artists are working in Isfahan. As a result, inlaying is one of the most important handicrafts of Isfahan. Today, Isfahani artists produce new inlay products by combining different arts. By combining inlaying with arts such as calligraphy and miniatures, original and spectacular products are produced

inlaid work price

inlaid work price Shiraz inlay

The city of Shiraz is also one of the centers of inlay work in Iran. This city became the center of inlay art from the Zandiye period. Many believe that the main origin of Iranian inlay art was the city of Shiraz. Ali Nemat, one of the greatest masters of inlaying, who has unique innovations in this art, is also from Shiraz. This art later found its way to Isfahan and Tehran. Khatamkari is still one of the most important handicrafts of Shiraz

Inlay works in the Safavid period

Tomb of Sheikh Safiuddin Ardabili

and the tomb fund of Shah Ismail Safavi in ​​Kerman

The shrine box of Imam Musa Kazem (a.s.) and Imam Javad (a.s.) in Kazemin: This work was made during the Safavid era in 906 AH by one of the teachers of that era, Muhammad Juma

Also, the shrine box of the 10th and 11th Shiite Imams in Samarra: this box is also one of the inlay works of the Safavid period

The tomb of Narjes Khatun, the mother of Hazrat Mahdi (AS) in Samarra

The entrance door of Chaharbagh school in Isfahan

The door of Imamzadeh Shahreza tomb in Shahreza city of Isfahan province

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Inlay works in the Zendiyeh period

Tomb of Imam Ali (AS): The construction of this work was started by the order of Karim Khan Zand. It was completed and installed during the time of Lotf Ali Khan Zand

Tomb of Imam Hussain (a.s.) and Hazrat Abul Fazl (a.s.) in Karbala

The tomb of Hazrat Zainab (pbuh) in Syria

Inlay works in the Qajar period

The entrance door of Imamzadeh Zaid

and the door of the treasury of Shah Abd al-Azim’s shrine

Khatam door by Shirazi artists, which is kept in the Museum of Ancient Iran

Khatam Hall of the National Assembly: This magnificent work was built by 60 professors in 6 years

Inlay works in the Pahlavi period

Inlay in the room of the Marble Palace

Baharestan Mansion Hall

Valuable inlay works that were given to foreign dignitaries and heads of countries, including Eisenhower and the Queen of England

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inlaid work price works after the Islamic Revolution

A large inlay table designed by Master Farshchian

Flower table in Afif Abad Shiraz garden

Khatam Kari inside the shrine of Imam Reza (AS)

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